previous next


PARE´DRI (πάρεδροι), assessors, whom we find attached to the three superior archons, the euthyni, and the Hellenotamiae. Each of the three superior archons was at liberty to have two assessors (πάρεδροι) chosen by himself, to assist him by advice and otherwise in the performance of his various duties. (Aeschin. c. Tim. § 158; Poll. 8.92.) That the magistrates who had a right to πάρεδροι appointed them, and that it was not an appointment by lot, appears from Pollux, l.c. and ch. 101, on which see Boeckh's comment (Staatsaush. i.3 p. 245) and Phot. s. v. The assessor, like the magistrate himself, had to undergo a δοκιμασία in the Senate of Five Hundred and before a judicial tribunal, before he could be permitted to enter upon his labours. He was also to render an account (εὔθυναι) at the end of the year. The office is called an ἀρχή ([Dem.] c. Neaer. p. 1369.72). The duties of the archon, magisterial and judicial, were so numerous, that one of the principal objects of having assessors must have been to enable them to get through their business. We find the πάρεδρος assisting the archon at the λῆξις δίκης. ([Dem.] c. Theoc. p. 1332.32.) He had authority to keep order at public festivals and theatres, and to impose a fine on the disorderly (Dem. c. Mid. p. 572.179). As the archons were chosen by lot (κληρωτοί), and might be persons of inferior capacity, and not very well fitted for their station, it might often be useful, or even necessary for them, to procure the assistance of clever men of business. ([Dem.] c. Neaer. p. 1372.81.) And perhaps it was intended that the πάρεδροι should not only assist, but in some measure check and control the power of their principals. They are spoken of as being βοηθοι, συμβουλοι καὶ φύλακες. Stephanus is accused of buying his place of the Ἄρχων βασιλεύς (c. Neaer. p. 1369.72). It was usual to choose relations and friends to be assessors; but they might at any time be dismissed, at least for good cause (ib. p. 1373.84). The Thesmothetae had no assessors: if they chose to have unofficial advisers (σύμβουλοι) as in [Dem.] c. Theoc. p. 1330.27, it was their own private affair, and had no state recognition. (Schömann, Antiq. of Greece,) p. 413.) The office of πάρεδρος [p. 2.345]was called παρεδρία, and to exercise it παρεδρεύειν.

Each of the Hellenotamiae had a πάρεδρος to assist him (C. I. A. 1.180-183): for the assessors of the εὔθυνοι, see EUTHYNE Vol. I. p. 763 b. (Gilbert, Staatsalterthümer, i. p. 240 ff.; Boeckh, op. cit.; Schömann, op. cit.) [C.R.K] [G.E.M]

(Appendix). The number, two for each of the three superior archons, is confirmed by 100.56: also that they were subject to δοκιμασία and εὔθυναι. The two πάρεδροι of the εὔθυνοι are mentioned in 100.48.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: