), a wallet for
carrying provisions and a drinking cup, worn either slung over the shoulder
and under one arm, or hanging from a belt. It was used by travellers and
country-folk (Hom. Od. 13.437
, &c.), and was part of a
beggar's outfit (part of the garb of Telephus, Arist. Nub.
923). In later Greek times it was adopted, along with the beggar's staff
) and rags, as their
professional costume by the Cynics (Mart. 4.53
, “cum baculo peraque senex:”
cf D. L. 6.13
; Brunck, Analect.
1.223, 2.22, 28; Auson. Epig.
53). A similar wallet was worn
by the sower, who slung it over his right shoulder and under his left arm
2.215); though a basket (cophinus
) hanging from the left arm (cf. vase of Nikosthenes
in Berlin Museum: Blümner, Leben und Sitten,
150) was used for this as well as the other purposes which the wallet
In art the pera
is most often seen in
representations of Perseus slaying the Gorgon (cf. British Museum Vases,
Nos. 548 and 641*). The wallet he wears was given him by the daughters of
Phorcys, and is called by Hesiod (Scut.
224), Pindar, and
other authors κίβισις,
to Apollodorus (Biblioth.
2.4, 2, 4), πήρα
: the word being explained as Cypriote by Hesychius.