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PE´RGULA

PE´RGULA was a kind of annexe to a house, whether at the top or the side. We find it therefore resembling (1) our verandah, roofed but open at the sides: hence used as a painter's studio (Plin. Nat. 35.84; Lactant. 1.22, 13; Cod. Theod. 13.4, 4). Being not very different from a taberna, or booth, it was also used to express the same things, viz.: a shop for selling wares (Auson. Epist. 4.6) and a school (Juv. 11.137; Suet. de Gram. 18), both being in open sheds or verandahs; and so we find “magistrales pergulae” (Vopisc. Saturn. 10). But (2) the pergula was also raised above the [p. 2.369]ground-floor, like a covered balcony, resting on the top of the tabernae ( “tabernae cum pergulis suis,” C. I. L. 4.138; or quite on the top of the house, not as an upper room, but an erection with roof and open sides on the house-top, and used for painting (Tertull. adv. Valent. 7; Dig. 9, 3, 8.12), or as an observatory where astrologers taught (Suet. Aug. 94). (3) An arbour or trellised walk with open ends (Plin. Nat. 14.11, 19.69; Col. 4.21); whence the modern Italian pergola. This sense is illustrated by the word pergulana (a vine trained over a trellis; Col. 3.2.) (4)=the cella lupanaria, partly open to the street (Plaut. pseud. 1.2, 78). All these uses probably came from pergo, in the sense of something continued or projecting forward from the main building. (Marquardt, Privatl. 93.)

[L.S] [G.E.M]

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