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PROAGOGEIAS GRAPHE

PROAGOGEIAS GRAPHE (προαγωγείας γραφή), a prosecution against those persons who performed the degrading office of pimps or procurers (προαγωγοί: cf. Plat.. Theaet. p. 150 A). By the law in Aeschin. c. Tim. the heaviest punishment (τὰ μέγιστα ἐπιτίμια, § 14), viz. death ( § 184), was inflicted on such a person (ἐάν τις ἐλεύθερον παῖδ᾽ γυναῖκα προαγωγεύῃ). According to Plutarch (Plut. Sol. 23), Solon imposed a penalty of twenty drachmas for the same offence. To reconcile this statement with that of Aeschines, Platner (Proc. u. Klag. ii. p. 216) supposed that the law mentioned by Plutarch applied only to prostitutes. This is very unlikely; more probably the punishment was at a later period made more severe, as in the δίκη βιαίων (Plut. Sol. 25, a. hundred drachmas; but Lys. de caed. Erat. § 32, διπλῆν τὴν βλάβην ὀφείλειν: cf. Dem. c. Mid. p. 528.44). A prosecution of Patrocles ἐπὶ προαγωγείᾳ by Hyperides is mentioned in Pollux, 7.271; cf. Hyp. ed. Blass,2 [p. 2.492]fr. 141-8. The charge brought against Aspasia by Hermippus in his prosecution for ἀσέβεια, of getting freeborn women into her house for the use of Pericles, was προαγωγεία (Plut. Per. 32: cf. Aristoph. Ach. 527). and probably also that against Euthymachus, who was put to death for taking an Olynthian girl to a brothel (Din. c. Dem. § 23). (Att. Process, ed. Lipsius, p. 410 f.) For the low state of morality amongst the Byzantines, cf. Aelian, V. If. 3.14, and Athenaeus, x. p. 442 c.

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