The state, according to the Servian
constitution, was divided into those who had property (locupletes
) arranged in classes, and those who had not and
were outside these classes; these unclassed citizens were called capite censi,
i.e. “reckoned by heads,”
i.e. “begetters of
children” (Cic. de Rep.
, 40; Gel. 16.10
). These included
all who were assessed at not more than 1500 asses: the distinction in civil
matters is marked by the law of the Twelve Tables, that for a proletarius
any one might act as vindex,
while for the
) an adsiduus was required [ACTIO
]. As to their military service, see EXERCITUS
Vol. I. p. 781.
(Mommsen, Rom. Hist.