were wooden shoes, made, as the name implies, each in one piece and hollowed
out. They were worn only by peasants and slaves in country work (Cato, Cat. Agr. 59
; Plaut. Cas.
2.8, 59; Trebell. Poll. XXX.
22; Isid. Orig.
19.34). It seems that there
were also wooden shoes called [p. 2.614]calones
(Paul. p. 46, 15; cf. Isid. l.c.
). The Greek κρούπεζαι, κρούπαλα,
were, perhaps, originally merely wooden shoes,
worn, as Pollux intimates, particularly by the Boeotian peasants, and so
called because of the noise which they made (Poll. 7.87, 10.153). Photius
(s. v. κρούπαλα
) says that they were used
for treading out olives. But the name belongs especially to the wooden
instrument of a double block of wood with a hinge fitted to the feet and
used by fluteplayers to beat time=Latin scabellum
[see under CYMBALA, and for illustration see Baumeister,
fig. 1350]. For Greek and Roman shoes in general,