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SICA a short curved sword, a weapon of the Thracians (sica Θρακικὸν ξίφος ἐπικαμπές, Gloss. Labb.: cf. Clem. Alex. Strom. 1.16, 75; Isid. Orig. 18.8). It was used therefore by the [p. 2.672]Threces in the gladiatorial combats (Suet. Cal. 32; Mart. 3.16): its shape explains the, “falx supiua” in Juv. 8.201 (see Mayor ad loc.; GLADIATOR, Vol. I. p. 918 b). The annexed


woodcut, from a terra-cotta lamp, shows a sica held by a Thracian (Baumeister, Denkm. p. 2099). As being smaller than the ordinary sword, and therefore more easily concealed, and perhaps as being sharp and deadly for a stab, it was the favourite weapon of robbers and murderers (sicarii), the ferrum with which “grassator agit rem” (Juv. 3.305: cf. Cic. Cat. 3.3, 8; pro Mil. 14, 37); and hence, as a legal term, inter sicarios comes to mean “on a trial for murder.” [See LEX CORNELIA p. 39.]

[J.Y] [G.E.M]

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