SO´CCULUS, denoted a slipper or low
shoe, which did not fit closely, and was not fastened by any tie (Isid.
19.33). Shoes of this description (e. g. the
: see CALCEUS
) were worn, more especially among the Greeks, together
with the PALLIUM
both by men
and by women. We find “socci viriles et muliebres”
distinguished in Ed. Diocl.
9, 25: the latter seem to be
usually more ornamented (Plin. Nat.
; of. Suet. Cal. 52
). In the time
of the Republic it was considered unbefitting a Roman to wear them (Cic. pro Rab. Post. 10
27), and classed with wearing the pallium instead of the toga.
A comic actor wearing Socci.
As was stated under the article BAXA, the soccus
was worn by comic actors (Hor. Ars Poët.
and was in this respect opposed to the COTHURNUS
; Mart. 8.3
; Plin. Nat.
). The actor of the MIMUS
wore neither buskin nor slipper, and [p. 2.680]
was therefore called planipes
§ 7; Mayor, ad
). The preceding woodcut is taken from
an ancient painting of a comic actor, who is dancing in loose yellow
slippers (luteum soccum,
10). Cf. Marquardt,
595; Becker-Göll, Gallus,