is frequently used as synonymous
with the word [p. 2.744]συνήγορος,
to denote any one who pleads the cause of another,
whether in a court of justice or elsewhere. Συνδικεῖν
also is used indifferently with συνηγορεῖν
(Andoc. de Myst.
§ 150;--Dem. c.
p. 885.12; c. Steph.
i. p. 1127.84; de
p. 1232.16, etc.; c. Onet.
p. 872.31; c. Mid.
p. 576.190;--Hyper. pro
100.25; [Dem.] c. Dionysod.
p. 1298.50, etc.).
The state or a corporation or a private individual might be represented by
them. Thus, the five (Dem. c. Timocr.
p. 707.23, lex
) public advocates, who were appointed to defend
the ancient laws before the Nomothetae, when new laws in their stead .were
proposed, are called σύνδικοι
p. 501.146; only four names are given, but as
p. 145, suggests, that of Leptines must be
added) or συνήγοροι
p. 711.36). The same name was applied to those orators who
were sent by the state to plead the cause of their countrymen before a
foreign tribunal. Aeschines, for example, was appointed to plead before the
Amphictyonic council on the subject of the Delian temple, but for some
reason (Philostr. Vitt. Soph.
1.18, 4) the council of
Areiopagus removed him, and appointed Hypereides in his stead (Dem. de Cor.
p. 271.134, (σύνδικος
: [Plut.] Vitt. X. Oratt.
p. 840 E,
). These extraordinary
advocates are not to be confounded with the Pylagorae, or ordinary
Amphictyonic deputies (Schömann, do
p. 321). To such σύνδικοι
refers the law (Dem. c. Lept.
p. 503.152): μὴ ἐξεῖναι ὑπὸ τοῦ δήμου χειροτονηθέντα πλέον ἢ
: see also Aeschin. c. Tim.
§ 19, ἄν τις Ἀθηναίων ἑταιρήσῃ . . .
μηδὲ συνδικησάτω τῷ δημοσίῳ.
--The Demarchus and σύνδικοι
appear as accusers of defaulters before
a court of Demotae (Lolling, Mitth. d. d. archäol.
iv. p. 203: cf. p. 196). Σύνδικοι,
annually elected, took part in the δοκιμασία
of new members of an ἔρανος
(C. I. A.
23).--A private individual either chose such advocates himself or his
fellow-tribesmen chose them for him (Andoc. de Myst.
§ 150, οἱ φυλέται οἱ ᾑρημένοι μοι
Dem. c. Aristocr.
Hyper. pro Eux.
συνηγόρους ἐκ τῆς Αἰγηίδος φυλῆς ᾐτήσω
was also the name of extraordinary
functionaries at Athens, appointed soon after the overthrow of the Thirty
Tyrants, who exercised jurisdiction in disputes concerning confiscated
property (Harpocr. s. v. πρὸς οὓς τὰ δημευόμενα
etc.), e. g. when an information was laid against
a man for having in his possession goods which were liable to be seized in
execution on behalf of the state (Lys. de Bon. Aristoph.
§ 32), or when somebody's property having been confiscated, a claim
was made by a mortgagee or other creditor having a lien thereupon, to have
his debt satisfied out of the proceeds (Lys. de Pecun.
), or by the wife to have her dowry returned (Att.
ed. Lipsius, p. 525, n. 127). Such a claim was called
and to prosecute it
p. 1197 f., § 45 f.; Harpocr. s. v., etc.). One
of the duties of these σύνδικοι
receive informations from the (φύλαρχοι
against those persons who had served in the cavalry under the Thirty
Tyrants, and who by a special decree of the people were ordered to restore
to the treasury the κατάοτασις,
i. e. the
sum paid to them by the state for their equipment (Lys. pro
§ 7); from this passage it would appear that such
money was as a rule not paid back (Boeckh, Sthh.
i.3 p. 319 f.; Grote, Hist. of Gr.
106, differs from this view). (Att. Process,
ed. Lipsius, p.
921, n. 443; pp. 123-125;--Schöll, Quaest. Fisc. Jur.
About the σύνδικοι
in Orchomenus, see Keil,
i. B, p. 15: in Sparta, Boeckh, C. I.
i. p. 610; Marquardt, Röm. Staatsverw.