), a round building,
probably the most primitive form of hut, and so preserved traditionally in a
house or city. In the Homeric house it stood in a corner of the αὔλη,
and a rope stretched round it from a
column was high enough to hang the unfaithful servants from (Od. 22.466
). It is stated to have [p. 2.837]
served as a storehouse (Schol. ibid.
); and if so, its resemblance to the θησαυρὸς
and also to beehive tombs, like those at Mycenae,
is to be noticed. For an account of the Tholus at Athens, see PRYTANEUM
The Tholus at
Epidaurus, which was built by Polveleitus, was of remarkable beauty in its
execution; its groundplan and portions of its architecture have been
recovered. It was round, and had an external colonnade of the Doric order,
and Corinthian internal columns. It contained pictures by Pausias, but there
is no record of the purpose for which it was used. The name tholus
is used later for any circular building.
(Tsountás, in Ἐφημερὶς
1885, pp. 30 sqq.;
ιπρακτικὰ τῆς Ἀρχαιολογικῆς
1883, Πιν. Γ.