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ADY´NATI (ἀδύνατοι), persons supported by the Athenian state, who, on account of infirmity or bodily defects, were unable to obtain a livelihood. The sum which they received from the state appears to have varied at different times. In the time of Lysias (Or. 24.29) one obolus a day was given; later, seemingly about the time of Aristotle, it was increased to two oboli. As to the date of this change authorities differ; compare Harpoc. s. v. with Bekk. Anecd. p. 345. Another sum, intermediate between the two, 9 drachmas (=54 oboli) per month, is mentioned by Philochorus, ap. Harpocrat. The bounty was restricted to persons whose property was under three minae. It was awarded by a decree of the people, but the examination of the individuals belonged to the senate of the Five Hundred: the payments were made by prytanies. Peisistratus is said to have been the first to introduce a law for the maintenance of those persons who had been mutilated in war; but, according to others, this provision derived its origin from a law of Solon. (Plut. Solon. 31; Schol. Aeschin. p. 738, Reiske; Aeschin. c. Tim. § 103; Harpocrat., Suid., Hesych. sub voce Lysias, Or. 24, Pro Inval., a speech written for an individual in order to prove that he was entitled to be supported by the state; Böckh, Public Econ. of Athens, p. 242 ff.) [W.S] [W.W]

(Appendix). The quotation from Harpocration can now be corrected from the author's own words. No other rate of payment is mentioned than two obols daily; and a special ταμίας, chosen by lot, presided over the distribution (Ath. Pol. 49).

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