), the third class of Spartan youth with
regard to age; the series being: παῖδες
(aged 7-18), μελλίρανες
(20-30). The last were distinguished
again as πρωτίρανες
according as they were near the lower
or upper limit. (Plut. [p. 1.708]Lye.
= οἱ περὶ
εἴκοσι ἔτη παρὰ λάκωσι,
Phot., Hesych. ed. Schmidt, s.v.
= οἱ ἐκ τῶν
ἐφήβων εἰς ἄνδρας ἀρχόμενοι συντελεῖν,
C. I. G.
1386, 1432, &c.) The boys and youths
forming a βοῦα
chose as their leader (βουαγόρ
) the wisest and bravest of the ἴρανες
Xen. Rep. Lac. 2.1.
). These leaders excepted, the ἴρανες
partook with their elders of the common meal (ἀνδρεῖα
). The ἰρένες
mentioned as buried in a separate tomb at Plataea (Hdt. 4.85
) must have been the officers of all
ranks, not young men: Amompharetus, who was one of them, was in command of a
). (Müller, Dorians,
i. pp. 68, 71; on the form of the word,
see Kuhn's Zeitschr.