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SCALPRUM was the name which might no doubt be applied to any instrument which could be said scalpere, and so it includes both cutting and chiselling tools. Under the former head we have:--

As a chisel we have the scalprum fabrile (Liv. 27.49), alike for wood and stone, in form resembling a modern chisel (see cut under CIRCINUS) and = the Greek γλύφανον: it was struck with a mallet (malleus), for which the Greek equivalent is κολαπτήρ, for Rich and Liddell and Scott are probably mistaken in understanding the κολαπτὴρ to be a chisel. (See Blümner, Technologie, 2.211, 3.93.)


hide References (3 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (3):
    • Suetonius, Vitellius, 2
    • Tacitus, Annales, 5.8
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 27, 49
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