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SYNTAXIS (σύνταξις), a contribution, assessment. Under the revived Athenian empire in the 4th century B.C. the PHOROS of the 5th century was euphemistically called by this name. The reassertion of maritime supremacy by the Athenians dates formally from the archonship of Nausinicus (B.C. 378-7); but there are indications that the levying of tribute had begun as early as 380, the date of the Panegyricus of Isocrates (τοὺς νησιώτας δασμολογεῖν, § 132; τῶν Κυκλάδων νήσων ἀμφισβητοῦμεν, § 136). The pretence of equal and honourable alliance was soon dropped, and the new confederacy became as unpopular as the old. These συντάξεις are frequently mentioned by the Orators (Isocr. Areop. § 2; de Pace, § 36; Antid. § 113;--Dem. de Pace, p. 60.13; de Cor. p. 305.234; συντάξεις καὶ φόρους, Isocr. Panath. § 116): occasionally in inscriptions (C. I. A. 2.62 and 108; Mitth. d. Inst. 2.142). In Plutarch we find an illustration of the more or less considerate way in which such contributions might be levied (Phoc. 7); and of the Athenian habit of calling unpleasant things by soft names (ὑποκορίζεσθαι, Sol. 15: τοὺς δὲ φόρους συντάξεις is one of his instances).

(Boeckh, book iii. ch. 17, “On the Tributes and Allies of Athens after the Anarchy,” esp. P. E. p. 418 ff. = Sthh.3 1.494 ff., with Fränkel's notes; Grote, cc. 75, 77, vol. vii. pp. 38, 90, ed. 1862, and note on συντάξεις, p. 91.)


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