), the name of some of the most ancient inhabitants of Boeotia, who derived their origin from Aon, a son of Poseidon. (Strab. p. 401, seq.; Paus. 9.5.1
; Lycophr. 1209; Ant. Lib. 25; Steph. B. sub voce s. vv. Ἄονες, Βοιωτία.
) They appear to have dwelt chiefly in the rich plains about Thebes,, a portion of which was called the Aonian plain in the time of Strabo (p. 412). Both by the Greek and Roman writers Boeotia is frequently called Aonia, and the adjective Aonius is used as synonymous with Boeotian. (Callim. Del.
75; Serv. ad Virg. Aen.
6.65; Gel. 14.6
.) Hence the Muses, who, frequented Mt. Helicon in Boeotia, are called Aonides and Aoniae Sorores. (Ov. Met. 5.333
; Juv. 7.58
, et alibi; cf. Miller, Orchomenos,
p. 124, seq. 2nd ed.)