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ARCONNE´SUS

ARCONNE´SUS (Ἀρκόννησος), a small island of Caria, near to the mainland, and south of Halicarnassus. It is now called Orak Ada. When Alexander besieged Halicarnassus, some of the inhabitants fled to this island. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 1.23; Strabo, p. 656; Chart of the Prom. of Halicarnassus, &c., in Beaufort's Karamania; Hamilton, Researches, 2.34.)

Strabo (p. 643) mentions an island, Aspis, between Teos and Lebedus, and he adds that it was also called Arconnesus. Chandler, who saw the island from the mainland, says that it is called Carabash. Barbié du Bocage (Translation of Chandler's Travels, i. p. 422) says that it is called in the charts Sainte-Euphnémie. This seems to be the island Macris of Livy (37.28), for he describes it as opposite to the promontory on which Myonnesus was situated. Cramer (Asia Minor, vol. i. p. 355) takes Macris to be a different island from Aspis.

[G.L]

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