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ARTEMI´SIUM

ARTEMI´SIUM (Ἀρτεμίσιον).


1. Artemisium

The name of the northern coast and of a promontory of Euboea, immediately opposite the Thessalian Magnesia, so called from the temple of Artemis Proseōa, belonging to the town of Histiaea. It was off this coast that the Grecian fleet fought with the fleet of Xerxes, B.C. 480. (Hdt. 7.175, 8.8; Plut. Them. 7; Diod. 11.12.)


2. Mount Artemisium

A mountain forming the boundary between Argolis and Arcadia, with a temple of Artemis on its summit. It is 5814 feet in height, and is now called the Mountain of Turníki. (Paus. 2.25.3, 8.5.6; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 203.)


3. Artemisium

A fortress in Macedonia, built by the emperor Justinian, at the distance of 40 miles from Thessalonica, and at the mouth of the river Rechius. (Procop. de Aedif. 4.3.) The Rechius, as Tafel has shown, is the river, by which the waters of the Lake Bolbe flow into the sea, and which Thucydides (4.103) refers to, without mentioning its name. (Tafel, Thessalonica, pp. 14, seq., 272, seq.)


4. Artemisium

A promontory of Caria, with a temple of Artemis on its summit, forming the northern extremity of the bay of Glaucus (Strab. xiv. p.651), called by others PEDALIUM (Mela, 1.16 ; Plin. Nat. 5.28. s. 29.)


5. Artemisium

A town in Spain. [DIANIUM]


6. Artemisium

An island off Etruria. [DIANIUM]


7. Mount Artemisium

A mountain near Aricia. [ARICIA]

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