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ACHILLA

ACHILLA, ACHOLLA, or ACHULLA (Ἀχόλλα: Eth. Ἀχολλαῖος, Achillitānus: El Aliah, large Ru.), a town on the sea-coast of Africa Propria (Byzacena), a little above the N. extremity of the Lesser Syrtis, and about 20 G. miles S. of Thapsus. It was a colony from the island of Melita (Malta), the people of which were colonists from Carthage. Under the Romans, it was a free city. In the African war, B.C. 46, it submitted to Caesar, for whom it was held by Messius; and it was in vain besieged by the Pompeian commander Considius. Among its ruins, of a late style, but very extensive, there has been found an interesting bilingual inscription, in Phoenician and Latin, in which the name is spelt Achulla (Steph. B. sub voce Strab. p. 831; Liv. 33.48; Appian. Pun. 94; Hirtius, Bell. Afric. 33--43; Plin. Nat. 5.4; Ptol.; Tab. Peut., name corrupted into Anolla; Shaw's Travels, p. 193; Barth, Wanderungen, &c. vol. i. p. 176; Gesenius, Monum. Phoenic. p. 139.)

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