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ATER or NIGER MONS, a mountain range of Inner Libya, on the N. side of the Great Desert (Sahara), dividing the part of Roman Africa on the Great Syrtis from Phazania (Fezzan). It seems to correspond either to the Jebel-Soudan or Black Mount(ins, between 28° and 29° N. lat., and from about 10° E. long. eastward, or to the SE. prolongation of the same chain, called the Black Harusch, or both. The entire range is of a black basaltic rock, whence the ancient and modern names (Plin. Nat. 5.5, 6.30. s. 35; Hornemann, Reisen von Kairo nach Fezzan, p. 60).


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