), a salt lake in the southern part of Phrygia, which Xerxes passed on his march from Celaenae to Colossae. (Hdt. 7.30
There was a town also called Anaua on or near the lake.
This is the lake of Chardak,
or Hadji Tous Ghhieul,
as it is sometimes called.
This lake is nearly dry in summer, at which season there is an incrustation of salt on the mud.
The salt is collected now, as it was in former days, and supplies the neighbourhood and remoter parts.
Arrian (Arr. Anab. 1.29
) describes, under the name of Ascania, a salt lake which Alexander passed on his march from Pisidia to Celaenae; and the description corresponds to that of Lake Chardak
so far as its saline properties. Leake (Asia Minor,
p. 146) takes the Ascania of Arrian to be the lake Burdtur
which is some distance SE. of Chardak.
There is nothing in Arrian to determine this question. Leake (p. 150) finds a discrepancy between Arrian and Strabo as to the distance between Sagalassus and Celaenae (Apameia). Strabo (p. 569) makes it one day's journey, “whereas Arrian relates that Alexander was five days in marching from Sagalassus to Celaenae, passing by the lake Ascania.” But this is a mistake. Arrian does not say that he was five days in marching from Sagalassus to Celaenae. However, he does make Alexander pass by a lake from which the inhabitants collect salt, and Buldur
has been supposed to be the lake, because it lies on the direct road from Sagalassus to Celaenae.
But this difficulty is removed by observing that Arrian does not say that Alexander marched from Sagalassus to Celaenae, but from the country of the Pisidians; and so he may have passed by Anaua. Hamilton observes (Researches,
&c. vol. i. p. 496), that Buldur
is only slightly brackish, whereas Chardak
exactly corresponds to Arrian's description (p. 504). P. Lucas (Voyage,
&c. i. book 4.2) describes Lake Bondur, as he calls it, as having water too bitter for fish to live in, and as abounding in wild-fowl.
In justification of the opinions here expressed, it may be remarked, that the “five days” of Alexander from Sagalassus to Celaenae have been repeated and adopted by several writers, and thus the question has not been truly stated.