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ANDERIDA is mentioned in the Notitia Imperii as the station of a detachment of Abulci (numerus Abulcorum); and as part of the Littus Saxonicum. In the Anglo-Saxon period it has far greater prominence. The district Anderida coincided with a well-marked natural division of the island, the Wealds of Sussex and Kent. The gault and green-sand districts belonged to it also, so that it reached from Alton to Hythe, and from Eastbourne to the north of Maidstone--Romney Marsh being especially excluded from it. Thirty miles from N. to S., and 120 from E. to W. are the dimensions given in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (ad Ann. 893), and this is not far from the actual distance. The name is British; antred meaning uninhabited, and the form in full being Coed Andred, the uninhabited wood. Uninhabited it was not; in the central ridge, mining industry was applied to the iron ore of Tilgate Forest at a very early period. The stiff clay district (the oak-tree clay of the geologists) around it, however, may have been the resort of outlaws only. Beonred, when expelled from Mercia, took refuge in the Andredeswald, from the north-western frontier; and the Britons who, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of A. D. 477, fled from Aella and his son, did the same from the south. Of Anderida, as a district, Andredesleage (Andredslea), and Andredesweald (the Weald of Andred), are the later names.

Of the particular station so called in the Notitia, the determination is difficult. Pevensey has the best claim; for remains of Roman walls are still standing. The neighbourhood of Eastbourne, where there are Roman remains also, though less considerable, has the next best. Camden favoured Newenden; other writers having preferred Chichester. It is safe to say that Anderida never was a Saxon town at all. In A.D. 491, Aella and his son Cissa “slew all that dwelt therein, so that not a single Briton was left.” (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ad ann.)


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