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BUTUNTUM (Βυτοντῖνος: Eth. Butuntinensis: Bitonto), an inland city of Apulia, distant 12 miles W. from Barium, and about 5 from the sea. From its position it must certainly have belonged to the Peucetian district of Apulia, though reckoned by Pliny, as well as in the Liber Coloniarum, among the cities of Calabria (Plin. Nat. 3.11. s. 16; Lib. Colon. p. 262). It is correctly placed by the Itineraries on the road from Barium to Canusium, 12 M.P. from Barium and 11 from Rubi. (Itin. Ant. p. 117; Itin. Hier. p. 609.) No mention of it is found in history, [p. 1.460]but its coins attest that it must have been in early times a place of some importance. They bear the Greek legend ΒΥΤΟΝΤΙΩΝ, and the types indicate a connexion with Tarentum. (Eckhel. vol. i. p. 144; Millingen, Num. de l'Italie, p. 150.).


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