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BARGY´LIA

BARGY´LIA (τὰ Βαργυλία: Eth. Βαργυλιάτης: and Bargyletes, Cic. ad Farm. 13.56), a city of Caria (Steph. s. v.), “which the Carians name Andanus, calling it a foundation of Achilles; and it is near Iasus and Myndus.” Mela (1.16), who calls it Bargylos, also places it on the bay of lasus; and the bay of lasus was also called Bargylieticus. (Liv. 37.17; Plb. 16.12.) Chandler, who was in these parts, could not find Bargylia. Leake conjectures that it may be on the bay between Pasha Limáne and Asýn Kálesi.

There was at Bargylia a statue of Artemis Cindyas under the bare sky, probably in a temple, about which statue the incredible story was told, that neither rain nor snow ever fell on it. (Plb. 16.12; comp. the corrupt passage in Strabo, p. 658, and Groskurd's note, vol. iii. p. 54.) Philip III. of Macedonia had a garrison in Bargylia, which the Romans required him to withdraw as one of the terms of peace (Liv. 33.30; Plb. 17.2, 18.31); and the Bargyliatae were declared free.

[G.L]

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