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CLITE´RNIA

CLITE´RNIA or CLITERNUM.


1.

Κλείτερνον, Ptol.: Eth. Cliterninus), a city of the Aequiculi, and one of the only two assigned to that people both by Pliny and Ptolemy. It was included in the Fourth Region of Augustus, as well as Carseoli. The discovery of an inscription to a “Duumvir Cliterniae” at a place called Capradosso about 9 miles from Rieti in the upper valley of the Salto, affords some reason for regarding this spot (where there exist vestiges of an ancient town) as the site of Cliternia, though, as the inscription is merely sepulchral, the evidence is far from conclusive. (Bunsen, Antichi Stabilimenti Italici, p. 113, in the Annali dell' Inst. Arch. vol. vi.; Abeken, M. I. p. 88.)


2.

A town of Apulia situated in the northern part of the province between the Tifernus and the Frento. (Plin.. 3.11. s. 16; Mela, 2.4.6.) Ancient writers afford no further clue to its position, but local antiquarians have indicated its site at a place called Licchiano, on the left of the torrent of Saccione, about 5 miles E. of S. Martino. The spot, which is now uninhabited, is said to be called in documents of the middle ages Cliternianum, and considerable vestiges of an ancient city are visible there. (Tria. Storia di Larino, pp. 17, 18, 356--8; Romanelli, vol. iii. p. 22.) [E.H.B]

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