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CONCO´RDIA

CONCO´RDIA (Κογκορδία: Eth. Concordiensis: Concordia), a considerable city of Venetia, situated about 10 miles from the Adriatic, on the high road from Altinum to Aquileia, from each of which cities it was distant 31 Roman miles. (Itin. Ant. pp. 126, 128.) Both Pliny and Ptolemy notice it as a Roman colony, and we find it bearing on inscriptions the titles Colonia Julia Concordia, whence it seems probable that it was one of the colonies founded by Augustus to celebrate the restoration of peace. (Plin. Nat. 3.18. s. 22; Ptol. 3.1.29; Mel. 2.4; Orell. Inscr. 4082; Gruter. Inscr. p. 365. 1, 549. 7; Zumpt, de Colon. p. 348.) It is reckoned by Strabo (v. p.214) among the smaller towns of Venetia, but seems to have rapidly risen into importance, and is [p. 1.654]repeatedly mentioned during the later ages of the Roman Empire, as one of the most considerable cities in this part of Italy. (Eutrop. 8.10; Zosim. 5.37; Victor. Epit. 16.) In A.D. 452, it was taken and destroyed by Attila (Hist. Miscell. xv. p. 549), but seems to have been again partially inhabited at a later period (Cassiodor. Var. 12.26), and retained its episcopal see throughout the middle ages, though most of the inhabitants migrated to Caorle, in the adjoining lagunes, as those of Altinum did to Torcello. It is now a mere village, with about 400 inhabitants, though still the nominal see of a bishop, who resides at the neighbouring town of Porto Gruaro, while Concordia retains the ancient site, as well as name, but has no remains of antiquity beyond a few inscriptions. It is situated on a small river, now called the Lemene, which appears to have been navigable in ancient times. (Strab. l. c.) This must be the same with the “flumen Romatinum” of Pliny, which he places between the Liquentia (Livenza) and Tilavemptus (Tagliamento): it had port of the same name at its mouth.

[E.H.B]

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