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CORONEIA (Κορώνεια: Eth. Κορωνεύς), the name of several places in Greece, derived from κορώνη, a hill.


A town of Boeotia, and a member of the Boeotian league, is described by Strabo as situated upon a height near Mt. Helicon (ix. p. 411). Its territory was called Κορωνειακή. (Strab. ix. pp. 407, 411.) The town stood upon an insulated hill at the entrance of a valley leading southwards to Mt. Helicon, the principal summit of which is seen at the head of the valley. From this hill there is a fine view over the lake Copais, and at its foot there is a broad plain extending as far as the marshes of the lake. On either side of the hill flowed two streams, one on the eastern or right hand side, called Coralius or Cuarius, and the other on the left, named Phalarus: a tributary of the latter was the Isomantus or Hoplias. [See above, pp. 412, 413.] Coroneia is said to have been founded by the Boeotians from Arne in Thessaly, after they had been driven out of their original homes by the Thessalians; and they appear to have called it Coroneia after the Thessalian town of this name. [See No. 2.] At the same time they built in the plain in front of the city a temple of Athena Itonica, also named after the one in Thessaly, and likewise gave to the river which flowed by the temple the name of Cuarius or Curalius, after the Thessalian river. [CIERIUM] In this temple was held the festival of the Pamboeotia, which was common to all the Boeotians. (Strab. ix. p.411; Paus. 9.34.1.) The Thessalian origin of Coroneia is also attested by Pausanias, who ascribes its foundation, as well as that of Haliartus, to Athamas and his descendants, who came from Thessaly (9.34.7, seq.).

Coroneia is mentioned by Homer in conjunction with Haliartus. (Il. 2.503.) In historical times several important battles were fought in the plain in front of the town. It was here that the Athenians under Tolmides were defeated by the Boeotians in B.C. 447, in consequence of which defeat the Athenians lost the sovereignty which they had for some years exercised over Boeotia. (Thuc. 1.113.) The plain of Coroneia was also the scene of the victory gained by Agesilaus over the Thebans and their allies in B.C. 394. (Xen. Hell. 4.3. 15, seq.; Plut. Ages. 17.) In the Sacred War Coroneia was twice taken by the Phocians under Onomarchus. (Diod. xvi, 35, 58.) Philip, after the conquest of the Phocians, gave up the town to the Thebans. (Dem. de Pac. p. 62, Philip. ii. p. 69.) Coroneia espoused the cause both of Philip and of Perseus in their wars with the Romans. (Plb. 20.7, 27.1, 29.6, a.; Liv. 33.29, 42.44, 67.)

Pausanias says (9.34.3) that the most remarkable objects in Coroneia were altars of Hermes Epimelius and of the winds, and a little below them the temple of Hera. The principal remains of the ancient city are those of the theatre, of the temple of Hera, and of the agora. The coins of Coroneia are very rare. The one annexed is a hemidrachma,


[p. 1.689]

with the Boeotian shield on one side, and on the other a full-faced mask or Gorgonian head, with the epigraph graph KOPO. (Dodwell, vol. ii. p. 132, seq.; Forchhammer, Hellenika, p. 185.)


A town of Thessaly in Phthiotis, from which the Boeotian Coroneia probably derived its name. It is placed by Leake at Tjeutmá. (Strab. ix. p.434; Ptol. 3.13.46; Steph. B. sub voce Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 471.)

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