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CANGI

Eth. CANGI a people of Britain, against whom Ostorius Scapula led his army, after the reduction of the Iceni. Their fields were laid waste; and, when this had been effected, the neighbourhood of the Irish Sea was approached ( “ductus in Cangos exercitus--vastati agri--jam ventum haud procul maria quod Hiberniam insulam aspectat,” Tac. Ann. 12.32). This was A.D. 50, during the first (not the Boadicean) war against the Iceni. Ptolemy has a Cancanorum (Ganganorum) Promontorium, and the Geographer of Ravenna a town called Canca. Lastly, there is a station of the Notitia called Concangii. None of these exactly explain the Cangi of Tacitus. The Canca civitas is unknown; the Ganganorum Prom. is a headland of North Wales; the Concangii are generally fixed in Westmoreland. Ptolemy's promontory, however, is the nearest. All that can be said is that the Cangi lay somewhere between the Iceni (East Anglia) and the Irish Sea. The Index of the Monumenta Britannica places them in Somerset. North Wales is a likelier locality. For remarks on the value of the different statements of Tacitus in respect to Britain,see COLONIA

[R.G.L]

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