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CAPRA´RIA

CAPRA´RIA (Καπραρία), a small island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, between Corsica and the coast of Etruria, still called Capraia. It is distant about 30 geographical miles from Populonium, the nearest point of the mainland, and is a rocky and elevated island, forming a conspicuous object in this part of the Tyrrhenian Sea, though only about 5 miles long by 2 in breadth. Varro, who writes the name Caprasia, tells us it was derived from the number of wild goats with which it abounded; whence also the Greeks called it AEGILIUM; but it must not be confounded with the island of IGILIUM now Giglio, which is much further south. (Plin. Nat. 3.6. s. 12; Ptol. 3.1.78; Mela, 2.7; Varr. R. R. 2.3.3.) Rutilius tells us that it was inhabited in his time by a number of monks. (Itin. 1.435.)

[E.H.B]

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