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DI´NDYMUM

DI´NDYMUM (τὸ Δίνδυμον). Strabo (p. 567) speaks of a mountain Dindymum which rises above Pessinus in Galatia; and from this mountain the goddess called Dindymene has her name. He adds that the river Sangarius flows near it. In Ptolemy the name is incorrectly written Didyma. Strabo says in another place (p. 626), “the Hermus is close to Mysia, flowing from a mountain sacred to Dindymene, and through the Catacecaumene into the territory of Sardis.” Perhaps he may have followed Herodotus as to the source of the Hermus, who says (1.80) that the Hermus flows from a mountain sacred to the mother Dindymene, as our texts stand. This passage has been sometimes misunderstood, and the name Dindymene has been given to the mountain. Stephanus (s. v. Δίνδυμα) describes the Dindyma as “mountains of the Troad, whence Rhea is called Dindymene;” but there is a mistake here, for neither the mountain of Galatia, nor Dindymum near Cyzicus, is within the limits of the Troad. In some maps Mount Dindymum is placed near Pessinus, and Mount Dindymene at the source of the Hermus; but there is no Mount Dindymene. The mountain tract in which the Hermus rises is the Morad Dagh, which is the Dindymum of Herodotus. The Rhyndacus also rises in this mountain region, and the chief branch of the Maeander. It is possible that a [p. 1.776]range of mountains may extend from the Morad Dagh east to the neighbourhood of Pessinus. Strabo could hardly be ignorant that there is a considerable distance between the source of the Hermus and the mountain that overhangs Pessinus. Hamilton describes the Dindymum, in which is the source of the Hermus, as rising to a great height, and forming “the watershed between the Hermus and the Rhyndacus, extending from Morad Dagh to Ak Dagh near Simaul.” He adds that these mountains “join the range of Demirji, being a part of the great central axis of Asia Minor, which may be said to extend from SE. by E. to NW. by W., from the Taurus by Sultan Dagh to Mount Ida, forming the great watershed between the rivers which fall into the Mediterranean and the Archipelago, and those which fall into the Sea of Marmora and the Black Sea.” (Researches, &c. vol. i. p. 105.) As to the Dindymum of Pessinus, see PESSINUS

[G.L]

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