(Liv.) or EMPO´RIUM (Ἐμπόριαι,
Polyb., Strab,; Ἐμπόριον,
), an ancient and important city of Hispania [p. 1.826]
Tarraconensis, on the small gulf (G. of Rosas
) which lies below the E. extremity of the Pyrenees, and at the mouth of the river Clodianus (Fluvia
), which formed its port. Its situation made it the natural landing-place from Gaul; and as such it was colonised at an early period by the Phocaeans of Massalia. Their first city (afterwards called the Old Town) was built on a small island, whence they passed over to the mainland: and here a double city grew up,--the Greek town on the coast, and an Iberian settlement, of the tribe of the Indigetes, on the inland side of the other. Julius Caesar added a body of Roman colonists to the Greeks and Spaniards; and the place gradually coalesced into one Roman city. On coins it is styled a municipium. (Liv. 21.60
; Plb. 3.76
; Strab. iii. pp. 159, 160; Mela, 2.6; Plin. Nat. 3.3. s. 4
; Ptol. 2.5.20
; Steph. B. sub voce Scylax, p. 1
; Scymn. Ch. 203
; Sil. Ital. 3.369
; Florez, Med. de Esp.
vol. ii. pp. 409, 645, vol. iii. p. 66; Mionnet, vol. i. pp. 40, 41, Suppl.
vol. i. p. 82; Sestini, p. 139; Num. Goth.; Eckhel, vol. i. p. 49; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 423.)
|COIN OF EMPORIAE.|