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ERYTHRAE

ERYTHRAE (Ἐρυθραί: Eth. Ἐρυθραῖος).


1.

An ancient town in Boeotia, mentioned by Homer, and said to have been the mother-city of Erythrae in Boeotia. (Hom. Il. 2.499; Strab. ix. p.404). It lay a little south of the Asopus, at the foot of Mount Cithaeron. The camp of Mardonius extended along the Asopus from Erythrae and past Hysiae to the territory of Plataea. (Hdt. 9.15, 25.) Erythrae is frequently mentioned by other authorities in connection with Hysiae. It was in ruins in the time of Pausanias. Leake places it to the eastward of Katzúla at the foot of the rocks, where are some foundations of Hellenic walls, together with a church containing a Doric column and its capital. (Thuc. 3.24; Eur. Ba. 751; Xen. Hell. 5.4. 49, where it is called Ἐρυθρά; Paus. 9.2.1; Steph. B. sub voce Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 329.)


2.

A town of the Locri Ozolae, probably the harbour of Eupalium. (Liv. 28.8; Steph. B. sub voce Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 618.)

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