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ESDRAE´LA

ESDRAE´LA (Ἐσδραηλά), the classical form of the Hebrew name JEZREEL which Eusebius places between Scythopolis and Legio. (Onomast. s. v.) In Judith (Ἐσδρήλων, 3.11) it is placed near Dotaea or Dothaim, and in the Itinerarium Hierosolymitanum (where it is called Stradela) it is said to be 12 miles from Scythopolis, and 10 from Maximopolis, or Legio. Its modern name is Zerin, and it is situated on a rocky ridge extending from east to west in the great plain of Esdraelon, towards its southern extremity, and a little to the north of Mount Gilboa. It was the ancient capital of the kingdom of Israel, and is infamous in the history of Ahab and Jezebel. (1 Kings, xxi.) It belonged to the tribe of Issachar (Josh. 19.18), and was known among the crusaders as “Parvum Gerinum.” It is most celebrated for its noble plain, noticed in the next article; its fountain (1 Sam. 29.1) rises in the valley directly under the village at the NE. (Robinson, Bib. Res. vol. iii. pp. 163--167.)

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