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GANGRA (Γάγγρα: Kiengareh, Kangreh, or Changeri), a town of Paphlagonia, to the south of Mount Olgasys, and at a distance of 35 miles from Pompeiopolis, appears to have been a princely residence, for we know that Morzus or Morzeus, and afterwards Deiotarus, the last king of Paphlagonia, resided there. (Strab. xii. p.564; comp. Liv. 38.26.) Strabo, notwithstanding this, describes it as only “a small town and a garrison.” According to Alexander Polyhistor (ap. Steph. B. sub voce Γάγγρα), the town was built by a goatherd who had found one of his goats straying there; but this is probably a mere philological speculation, gangra signifying “a goat” in the Paphlagonian language. In the ecclesiastical writers Gangra is often mentioned as the metropolitan see of Paphlagonia. (Socrat. 2.43; Sozom. 3.14, and elsewhere.) The orchards of this town were celebrated for the excellence of their apples. (Athen. 3.82.)


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