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GRANI´CUS

GRANI´CUS (Γράνικος), a river in Troas which had its source in Mount Cotylus, a branch of Ida, and flowing through the Adrastian plain emptied itself into the Propontis. (Hom. Il. 12.21; Strab. xiii. pp. 582, 587, 602; Mela, 1.19; Plin. Nat. 5.40; Ptol. 5.2.2.) This little stream is celebrated in history on account of the signal victory gained on its banks by Alexander the Great over the Persians in B.C. 334, and another gained by Lucullus over Mithridates (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 1.13; Diod. 17.19; Plut. Alex. 24, Lucull. 11; Flor. 3.5.) Some travellers identify the Granicus with the Dimotico (Chishull, Travels in Turkey, p. 60), and others with the Kodsha-su.

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