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GY´MNIAS

GY´MNIAS (Γυμνίας, Anab. 4.7.19; called Gymnasia by Diod. 14.29), “a great, flourishing, and inhabited city,” which the Ten Thousand reached, in seven marches, after they had made the passage of the Harpasus. (Xen. l.c.) Colonel Chesney (Exped. Euphrat. vol. ii. p. 232) thinks that it may be represented by the small town of Gemerí, on the Kará Sú, an affluent of the river Frát. But Mr. Grote (Hist. of Greece, vol. ix. p. 161), with reason, thinks it is more probably the same as Gúmisch-Khana, on the road from Trebizond to Erzerum, “celebrated as the site of the most ancient and considerable silver mines in the Ottoman dominions.” (Hamilton, Asia Minor, vol. i. pp. 168, 234.) The existence of these mines, as Mr. Grote observes, furnishes a plausible explanation of that which would be otherwise surprising, the existence of so important a city in the midst of such barbarians as the Chalybes, Scythini, and Macrones.

[E.B.J]

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