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HERACLEIA LYNCESTIS

HERACLEIA LYNCESTIS (Ἡράκλεια, Plb. 28.1, 15, 34.12; Strab. vii. p.319; Ptol. 3.13.33; Liv. 26.25, 31.39; Itin. Anton.; Peut. Tab.; Ἡράκλεια Λάκκου, Hierocl.; Const. Porph. de Them. 2.2), the chief town of the province of Upper Macedonia, called Lyncestis, at a distance of 46 M. P. from Lychnidus and 64 M. P. from Edessa. According to the proportional distances, Heracleia stood not far from the modern town of Filúrina, at about 10 geog. miles direct to the S. of Aitolia, nearly in the centre of the Egnatian Way.

Calvinus narrowly escaped being intercepted by, the Pompeians on his rear, after having fallen back upon Heracleia, which Caesar (B.C. 3.79) rightly places at the foot of the Candavian mountains, though his transcribers have interpolated the passage, and confounded it with the Heracleia Sintica of Thracian Macedonia.

The writer of a geographical fragment (ap. Hudson, Geog. Mini. vol. iv. p. 43; .comp. Joann. Cinnam. p. 127, ed. Bonn) has identified this city with Pelagonia [PELAGONIA], but incorrectly. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iii. pp. 281, 311, 318; Tafel, de Viae Egnat. Part. Occid. p. 39.)

[E.B.J]

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