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HYRCA´NIA

HYRCA´NIA (Ὑρκανία: Eth. Ὑρκανός), the name of a town in Lydia, situated in the Hyrcanian plain (τὸ Ὑρκάνιον πεδίον), which is said to have derived its name from a colony of Hyrcanians being settled here by the Persians. (Strab. xiii. p.629; comp. Steph. B. sub voce They were afterwards mingled with some Macedonians, who also settled in this district, whence they are called by Pliny and Tacitus “Macedones Hyrcani.” (Plin. Nat. 5.29. s. 31; Tac. Ann. 2.47.) There were two towns in this plain: one called Hyrcania, and the other Mosteni. (Tac. l.c.; Ptol. 5.2.16.)

COIN OF HYWCANIA IN LYDIA.

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