), a municipal town of Umbria, situated in the Apennines, near the sources of the Aesis, and close to the confines of Picenum.
It is mentioned both by Pliny and the Liber Coloniarum, of which the latter includes it among the “Civitates Piceni.” Towards the close of the Roman Empire it appears as an episcopal see, included in the province then termed “Picenum Suburbicarium.” (Plin. Nat. 3.14. s. 19
; Lib. Colon. p. 257; Bingham's Eccl. Antiq.
book ix. ch. 5.4.) Matilica
is still a considerable town, and retains the ancient site as well as name.