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OLYMPUS (Ὄλυμπος, Strab. xiv. pp. 682, 683; Ptol. 5.14.5), a mountain range in the lofty island of Cyprus. On one of its eminences--breast-shaped (μαστοειδής)--was a temple to Aphrodite “of the heights” (ἀκραία), into which women were not permitted to enter. (Strab. l.c.) This probably implies that all but the “hierodulae” were excluded. (Comp. Claudian, Nupt. Hon. et Mar. 49--85; Achill. Tat. 7.13.) According to Pococke (Trav. vol. ii. p. 212; comp. Mariti, Viaggi, vol. i. p. 206), this part of the chain is now called Haghios Stavros, or Sta. Croce, from a convent dedicated to the Cross. (Engel, Kypros, vol. i. pp. 33--37).


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