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PHRIXA (Φρίξα, Paus. et alii; Φρίξαι, Hdt. 4.148: Eth. Φριξαῖος), a town of Triphylia in Elis, situated upon the left bank of the Alpheius, at the distance of 30 stadia from Olympia. (Strab. viii. p.343; Steph. B. sub voce It was founded by the Minyae (Herod. l.c.), and its name was derived from Phaestus. (Steph. B. sub voce Μάκιστος.) Phrixa is rarely mentioned in history; but it shared the fate of the other Triphylian cities. (Comp. Xen. Hell. 3.2. 30; Plb. 4.77, 80.) Its position is determined by Pausanias, who says that it was situated upon a pointed hill, opposite the Leucanias, a tributary of the Alpheius, and at a ford of the latter river. (Paus. 6.21.6.) This pointed hill is now called Paleofánaro, and is a conspicuous object from both sides of the river, whence the city received the name of Phaestus in later times. (Steph. B. sub voce s. v Φαιστός.) The city was in ruins in the time of Pausanias, who mentions there a temple of Athena Cydonia. Upon the summit of the hill there are still remains of Hellenic walls. (Leake, Morea, vol. ii. p. 210; Boblaye, Récherches &c. p. 136; Ross, Reisen im Peloponnes, p. 108; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. ii. p. 90.)

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