), a town of Perrhaebia in Thessaly, situated at the foot of Mount Olympus, and forming a Tripolis with the two neighbouring towns of Azorus and Doliche. Pythium derived its name from a temple of Apollo Pythius situated on one of the summits of Olympus, as we learn from an [p. 2.689]
epigram of Xeinagoras, a Greek mathematician, who measured the height of Olympus from these parts (ap. Plut. Aem. 15
). Games, were also celebrated here in honour of Apollo. (Steph. B. sub voce Πύθιον.
) Pythium commanded an important pass across Mount Olympus.
This pass and that of Tempe are the only two leading from Macedonia into the north-east of Thessaly. Leake therefore places Pythium on the angle of the plain between Kokkinopló
though no remains of the ancient town have been discovered there. (Liv. 42.53
; Plut., Steph. B. sub voce ll. cc.
; Ptol. 3.13
; § 42; Leake, Northern Greece,
vol. iii. p. 341, seq.)