), the most important river in the west of Paphlagonia.
It owes its Greek name probably to a similarity in the sound of its native appellation, which is still Bartan-Su
though Greek authors fabled that it derived its name from the fact that Artemis loved to bathe in its waters (Scymn. 226
, foll.) or to hunt on its banks, or from the purity of its waters.
The river has its sources on mount Olgassys, and in its north-western course formed the boundary between Paphlagonia and Bithynia.
It empties itself into the Euxine about 90 stadia west of Amastris. (Hom. [p. 2.554]Il. 2.854
; Hes. Th. 344
; Hdt. 2.104
; Xenoph. Anab.
5.6.9, 6.2.1; Strab. xii. p.543
; Ptol. 5.1.7
; Arrian, Peripl.
p. 14; Steph. B. sub voce
who erroneously states that the river flowed through the middle of the town of Amastris; Ov. Pont. 4.10
49; Amm. Marc. xxii 9.)