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PE´RGAMUS (Πέργαμος), a town of Crete, to which a mythical origin was ascribed. According to Virgil it was founded by Aeneas (Aen. 3.133), according to Velleius Paterculus (1.1) by Agamemnon, and according to Servius by the Trojan prisoners belonging to the feet of Agamemnon (ad Virg. Aen. l.c.). Lycurgus, the Spartan legislator, was said to have died at this place, and his tomb was shown there in the time of Aristoxenus. (Plut. Lyc. 32.) It is said by Servius (l.c.) to have been near Cydonia, and is mentioned by Pliny (4.12. s. 20) in connection with Cydonia. Consequently it must have been situated in the western part of the island, and is placed by Pashley at Plataniá. (Travels in Crete, vol. ii. p. 23.) Scylax says (p. 18, Huds.) that the Dictynnaeum stood in the territory of Pergamus.

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