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PHARBAETHIUS (Φάρβαιθος, Ptol. 4.5.52; Steph. B. sub voce: Eth. Φαρβαιθίτης, Hdt. 2.166; Φαρβητίτης, Strab. xvii. p.802), the capital of the Pharbaethite Nome in Lower Aegypt. (Plin. Nat. 5.9. s. 9.) It stood W. of the Pelusian arm of the Nile, 16 miles S. of Tanais. The nome was a Praefectura under the Roman emperors; and under the Pharaohs was one of the districts assigned to the Calasirian division of the Aegyptian army. Pharbaethus is now Horbeyt, where the French Commission found some remains of Aegyptian statuary (Champollion, l'Egypte, vol. ii. p. 99).


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