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PHILAENI

Eth. PHILAENI and PHILAENORUM ARAR (Φιλαίνου or Φιλαίνων βωμοί, Scyl. p. 47; Plb. 3.39.2, 10.40.7; Strab. iii. p.171, xvii. p. 836; Ptol. 4.3.14, 4.4.3; Stadiasm. § 84; Pomp. Mela, 1.7.6; Plin. Nat. 5.4), the E. frontier of Carthage towards Cyrene, in the middle of the Greater Syrtis. About the middle of the fourth century B.C., according to a wild story which may be read in Sallust (B. J. 79; comp. V. Max. 5.6.4), these monuments commemorated the patriotic sacrifice of the two Philaeni, Carthaginian envoys. These pillars, which no longer existed in the time of Strabo (p. 171), continued to give a name to the spot from which they had disappeared. The locality is assigned to Râs Linouf, a headland a little to the W. of Múktar, the modern frontier between Sórt and Barka. The Peutinger Table has a station of this name 25 M. P. from Anabricis; and, at the same distance from the latter, the Antonine Itinerary has a station BENADAD-ARI, probably a Punic name for Philenian Altars, as they were named by the Greeks of Cyrene. (Beechey, Expedition to the Coast of Africa, p, 218; Barth, Wanderungen, pp. 344, 366, 371.)

[E.B.J]

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