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SITHO´NIA (Σιθωνίη, Hdt. 7.123; Steph. B. sub voce Virg. Bucol. 10.66; Hor. Carm. 1.18. 9: Longos), the central of the three prongs which run out into the Aegean from the great peninsula of Chalcidice, forming a prolongation to the peak called Solomón or Kholomón. The Sithonian peninsula, which, though not so hilly as that of Acte, is not so inviting as Pallene, was the first, it appears, to be occupied by the Chalcidic colonists. A list of its towns is given in CHALCIDICE


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