), an important town of Armenia Minor, as may be inferred from the numerous routes which branched off from thence to Pontus and Cappadocia. Its distance from Caesareia was 325 miles, and 124 or 135 from Trapezus.
The town was situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, a little to the north of the Euphrates, and was of importance, being the key to the mountain passes leading into Pontus; whence we find that in later times the Legio xv. Apollinaris was stationed there.
In the time of Justinian its walls had fallen into decay, but that emperor restored them. (Ptol. 1.15.9
; D. C. 68.18
; Procop. de Aed.
4.3; It. Ant.
pp. 181, 183, 206, 207,216, 217; Notit. Imp.; Tab. Peut.
) The site of this town has not yet been discovered with certainty, though ruins found in various parts of the country have been identified with it by conjecture. (Tournefort, Voyages,
Letter 21, 100.2. p. 17; Rennell, Asia Minor,
ii. p. 219; Cramer, Asia Minor,
ii, p. 152, foll.)