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TRI´POLIS

TRI´POLIS (Τρίπολις: Eth. Τριπολίτης).


1.

A town of Phrygia, on the northern bank of the upper course of the Maeander, and on the road leading from Sardes by Philadelphia to Laodiceia. (It. Ant. p. 336; Tab. Peut.) It was situated 12 miles to the north-west of Hierapolis, and is not mentioned by any writer before the time of Pliny (5.30), who treats it as a Lydian town, and says that it was washed by the Maeander. Ptolemy (5.2.18) and Stephanus B. describe it as a Carian town, and the latter (s. v.) adds that in-his time it was called Neapolis. Hierocles (p. 669) likewise calls it a Lydian town. Ruins of it still exist near Yeniji or Kash Yeniji. (Arundell, Seven Churches, p. 245; Hamilton, Researches, i. p. 525; Fellows, Asia Minor, p. 287.)


2.

A fortress in Pontus Polemoniacus, on a river of the same name, and with a tolerably good harbour. It was situated at a distance of 90 stadia from Cape Zephyrium. (Arrian, Peripl. P. E. p. 17; Anon. Peripl. P. E. p. 13; Plin. Nat. 6.4.) The place still exists under the name of Tireboli, and is situated on a rocky headland. (Hamilton, Researches, i. p. 257.) [L.S]

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