), a small island in the Euxine at a distance of one mile from the coast of Thynia or Bithynia; its distance from the port of Rhoë was 20 stadia, and from Calpe 40. (Plin. Nat. 6.13
; Arrian, Peripl. P. E.
The island had only 7 stadia in circumference, and had at first been called Apollonia from a temple of Apollo which existed in it. (Plin., Arrian, ll. cc.; Apollon. 2.177
; Anon. Peripl. P. E.
According to Ptolemy (5.1.15
) it was also called Daphnusia, and obtained its name of Thynias from the Thyni, who inhabited the opposite coast.
The island had a port and a naval station belonging to Heracleia (Scylax, p. 34
; Arrian, l.c.
); and Mela (2.7) is probably mistaken in believing that the island contained a town of the same name. (Comp. Strab. xii. p.543
, where it is called Thynia; Marcian, p. 69; Steph. B. sub voce
717, where it bears the name Thyneis.)
The modern name of the island is Kirpeh.