There were Vangiones in the army of Ariovistus when Caesar defeated him. (B. G.
1.51.) Caesar means to say that they were Germans, but he does not say whether they were settled in Gallia. Pliny and Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 12.27
100.28) also describe the Vangiones as Germans and settled on the left bank of the Rhine, where they are placed by Ptolemy (2.9.17
); but Ptolemy makes a mistake in placing the Nemetes north of the Vangiones, and making the Vangiones the neighbours of the Tribocci, from whom in fact the Vangiones were separated by the Nemetes.
In the war of Civilis (Tac. Hist. 4.70
), Tutor strengthened the force of the Treviri by levies raised among the Vangiones, Caracates [CARACATES
], and Tribocci.
The territory of the Vangiones seems to have been taken from that of the Mediomatrici. Their chief town was Borbetomagus (Worms